Exports of cheese and cottage cheese from the United States to Mexico totaled 336.7 million dollars from January to September 2020, an increase of 19.4% year-on-year, according to data from the US government.
Mexico is the main destination for foreign sales of this product from the United States.
In the first three quarter of 2018, US cheese exports to the Mexican market totaled 387.7 million dollars.
Recently, the United States, Canada and Mexico agreed to provide procedural safeguards for the recognition of new geographical indications, which are place names used to identify products that come from certain regions or locations.
The provisions of the Agreement between Mexico, the United States and Canada (USMCA) include guidelines for determining whether a term is a common name or a protected geographical indication (GI), grounds for opposition and cancellation of a GI and the treatment of IG by virtue of agreements with third parties.
The T-MEC protects GIs for food products that Canada and Mexico have already agreed to in trade negotiations with the European Union and sets transparency and notification requirements for any new GIs that a country intends to recognize.
In a supplementary letter accompanying the USMCA, Mexico confirmed a list of 33 terms for cheese that will remain available as common names for US cheese producers to use in exporting cheeses to Mexico.
The list includes some terms that are protected as IG by the EU, such as Edam, Gouda and Brie.
The provisions of the USMCA are to protect certain US, Canadian and Mexican liquors as distinctive products.
By 2020, the Department of Agriculture estimates that Mexico’s cheese consumption will total 564,000 tons and by 2021, this same consumption would amount to 572,000 tons.
In all of 2019, cheese exports from the United States to its southern neighbor were for 420 million dollars, while in 2018 they totaled 388 million dollars.
US cheese exports to the entire world grew 7.3% from January to September 2020, at an annual rate, to reach 1,244.8 million dollars.