The Ministry of Economy of Mexico will promote the participation of high-tech manufacturing exports as a proportion of Gross Domestic Product (GDP).
This is a goal set in the Sectorial Program of Economy 2020-2024, published last week in the Official Gazette of the Federation (DOF).
The Ministry of Economy intends that Mexico go from a base indicator of 0.59 in 2018 to 0.71 in 2024.
The indicator measures total exports of high-technology products highly intensive in research and development, such as products from the aerospace, computer, pharmaceutical, scientific instrument and electrical machinery industries, as a proportion of GDP.
Specifically, the calculation method is: (Exports of the high-tech manufacturing sector at current prices in millions of dollars in period t / Gross Domestic Product at current prices in millions of dollars in period t) * 100.
Although free trade agreements have allowed access to new export markets and the consolidation of preferential entry in others, it also induced an industrial movement that particularly benefited the states in the northern region of the country.
According to the Inegi, in 2018, the five entities that exported the most merchandise were Chihuahua ($ 51.9 billion), Coahuila ($ 40.9 billion), Nuevo Leon ($ 39.5 billion), Baja California ($ 38.7 billion) and Tamaulipas ( $ 27 billion).
Statistics show a strong participation of Mexico in manufacturing exports compared to other groups of industries such as agriculture, extractive and oil.
According to data from the trade balance, calculated by the Bank of Mexico, in the period from 1993 to 2018, exports from manufacturing industries went from 41,100 to 397,300 million dollars, while extractive and oil rose from 10,800 to 53,300 million of dollars.
As a result of the accumulation of productive capacities in the manufacturing sector, Mexico has managed to join the Global Value Chains (GVCs).
According to the Global Manufacturing Export Value Added (VAEMG) calculated by the Inegi, the share with global manufacturing increased, in the period from 2003 to 2017, from 38.6% to 45.7% and the contribution in the production of the Total manufacturing went from 14.3 to 19.3 percent.