IMD: United States leads in FDI and services exports

The United States leads at the world level in the indicators of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and export of commercial services, according to the World Competitiveness Classification 2021, prepared by the Institute for Management Development (IMD).

In addition to having the first position in the world in FDI inflows, the United States is at the top of accumulated FDI inflows and outflows.

Other aspects in which the United States stands out as a global leader are: exports of commercial services, food costs, risk capital and redundancy costs.

According to the Bank of Mexico, the United States has experienced a vigorous reactivation, reflecting the advances in the vaccination process and the approval of unprecedented fiscal stimuli, while in other advanced economies there has been slower growth and, in some cases, even a contraction.

At the same time, industrial production and international trade have continued to expand steadily, reaching, in general, levels higher than those observed prior to the pandemic, while the service sector has registered a slower recovery process, which has been recently strengthened.

FDI and services exports

In 2019, with the latest data available for global statistics, the United States led commercial services exports, with a total of $ 876 billion.

After the United States, the United Kingdom (416,000 million) and Germany (340,000 million) were placed.

Exports of commercial services from the United States go mainly to the European Union, Canada, Ireland, China, Japan and Switzerland.

China displaced the United States from the first position, registering FDI income of 212.476 million dollars, an increase of 13.5% per year.

China was followed by: the United States (177,093 million dollars), Hungary (89,474 million), India (64,351 million) and Luxembourg (62,003 million).

Other indicators in which the United States is the world leader, according to the IMD ranking, are: banking and financial services, credit, total health spending, environmental technologies, university education index, and computers per capita.