Australia has 349 airports with paved runways, of which 14 are used for international flights.
In 2018/2019 there were 42.1 million passenger movements on international flights and 121.0 million passengers on internal flights, according to a WTO report.
In 2017/2018, Sydney airport was the one with the highest activity in the country, with 44.4 million passengers.
In 2018/2019, a total of 63 airlines offered international services to and from Australia.
The national company (Qantas) and its low-cost subsidiary (Jetstar) together carried 26% of the passengers on scheduled international flights.
Second was Singapore Airlines (8.2%), followed by Emirates (7.3%) and Air New Zealand (6.8%).
More than 80% of air cargo is transported in the cargo hold of passenger aircraft, and the rest is transported exclusively by cargo aircraft.
According to the authorities, in 2017/2018 air trade reached an unprecedented peak: 1.15 million tonnes of international cargo (worth A $ 109 billion) passed through Australia.
In 2017/2018, more than 45% of total cargo imports and exports (in volume and value) passed through Sydney airport.
28% of the total cargo volume (17% of the total value) corresponded to Melbourne airport.
The Government owns 21 airports, operated by private entities under the framework of leasing contracts with the Government.
The Ministry of Infrastructure, Transportation, Cities and Regional Development regulates ownership and control issues in federal leased airports, through the restrictions provided in the 1996 Airports Law and its corresponding regulations. Property restrictions apply at federal leased airports.
All international flights are carried out within the framework of bilateral air services agreements, which are negotiated by the air services negotiation team of the Ministry of Infrastructure, Transport, Cities and Regional Development. Australia currently has air service agreements / arrangements with more than 100 countries.